Espoo and Turku developing robot bus traffic together with partners

Published: 24.8.2021 11.43Updated: 2.9.2021 11.14
Robot bus in Kera, Espoo, in 2019. Photo Janne Ketola / Summit Media Oy.Photo: Janne Ketola / Summit Media Oy

When will robot buses run in cities? Robot buses have been tested in urban environments in Finland for several years now, and the future goal is for them to become a permanent part of urban public transport. The cities of Espoo and Turku joined forces to explore how automated public transport could function as part of the public transport system.

The study carried out by Sitowise examined the future development prospects of automated transport in Finland and internationally. On the basis of the development prospects, recommendations were drawn up for cities. In addition, it was examined what kind of requirements robot bus transport places on urban planning, for example. As robot buses become more widely used in cities, various aspects need to be assessed, such as safety, bus stop arrangements, the location of charging stations, remote control in fault situations, the availability of the service and accessibility.

There are different estimates of when the wider introduction of automated driving and robot buses will take place. According to the views of vehicle manufacturers, it is possible that from around 2025 onwards, there will be a complete technical readiness to operate robot buses among other traffic. Most likely, automated public transport can be expected to be fairly established by 2040. The goal is for robot buses to operate as part of public transport and to provide flexible connecting traffic to, for example, train and metro users.

The City of Espoo is actively involved in promoting sustainable solutions together with its partners. Measures related to automated driving should be carried out in cooperation involving all Finnish cities that have plans and views related to the introduction of automated transport and automated buses. Development work is being done in cooperation with companies and research institutes. The role of cities is to facilitate the testing of robotic buses in a genuine urban environment and to ensure the development of the street environment in such a way that it is possible to operate robotic buses.

The study is a part of the Low-carbon mobility in transport hubs Six City Strategy (6Aika) project funded by the European Regional Development Fund. Transport hubs refer to hubs where various transport services are available. In addition to the City of Espoo, the project involves Business Tampere, the City of Oulu, Turku University of Applied Sciences and the City of Turku. The City of Espoo’s aims at being carbon-neutral by 2030.

Additional information:
City of Espoo, Development Manager Mari Päätalo, tel. +358 40 639 4550,

City of Turku, Development Manager Topias Pihlava, tel. +358 40 182 5842, 

City of Turku, Specialist Juho Taavetinkangas, tel. +358 40 141 7543,

  • Sustainability