Traffic safety in Espoo has improved in the long term. The reduction in traffic accidents is the result of determined work.
Very few traffic accidents take place in Espoo in relation to the population – around 67% fewer than in the whole country on average. Relative to the population, only about 40 traffic accidents take place in Espoo, while the average for the whole country is 96 accidents per one hundred thousand inhabitants per year.
Although the number of accidents has increased in the 2010s, the number of injuries has been steadily decreasing. Relative to the population, traffic injuries in Espoo amount to approximately half of that of the whole country.
Young moped-drivers and those who have just obtained their driving licence are more susceptible to accidents involving injuries than other road users. The risk of injuries among young people is about three times higher than that of the other age groups.
The reduction in traffic accidents is the result of determined work. It has been influenced by the development of the main road network, such as Länsiväylä, Turunväylä and the ring roads (Ring I, II and III), together with the Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency and the Uusimaa ELY Centre.
Safe solutions are already created in city planning, street planning and construction, both for pedestrian traffic and cycling and for vehicle traffic. Safety is further improved by a staggered speed limit system of the street network and other forms of traffic control, and by applying different kinds of traffic-calming measures. The urban structure of Espoo is also conducive to traffic safety. There are almost 950 km of walking and cycling routes in Espoo and about 300 km of illuminated park routes. Winter maintenance covers 900 km of the walking and cycling routes and 150 km of the park routes.
Accident monitoring, statistics and analysis provide information on the areas where safety improvement measures are most needed. Contacts and initiatives by residents are also part of traffic safety work.
Traffic accidents in Espoo 2020
This report has provided an overview of the traffic accidents reported by the police in 2020 in the city of Espoo and tracked the change in the traffic accident figures since 1962 and, particularly, between 2016 and 2020. It is estimated that all accidents resulting in fatalities and approximately 20 % of those resulting in personal injury are reported to the police. The reporting rates of different types of accident vary. The least reported are single accidents involving cyclists resulting in injury.
On the Espoo street and road network, the average daily traffic volumes have decreased from 2019 to 2021 by about 18% -25%. This change began in March 2020. In Espoo, traffic volumes decreased by 40% -60% on the lower level streets. This change continued throughout 2020, and the number of personal injury accidents in Espoo decreased by 36% by June and by 23% for the whole year compared to 2019.
According to police records, a total of 223 traffic accidents took place in Espoo in 2020. Approximately 35 % of these resulted in personal injury (78 accidents). There were 5 traffic accident leading to fatalities in 2020 (6 dead). 85 people were physically injured in accidents resulting in personal injury. The total number of accidents has dropped since 2019 (there were 267 accidents recorded in 2019).
12 % of all accidents (22) recorded in Espoo took place in Kanta-Leppävaara (13 % in 2019). The number of accidents in Kanta – Leppävaara in 2020 decreased by 12 accidents from 2019. The second most accidents took place in Bemböle, 17 accidents. Compared to 2019, the accident counts went up in the statistical areas of Sepänkylä, Haukilahti-Westend, Mankkaa, Laajalahti, Nöykkiö-Latokaski, Kanta-Kauklahti, Muurala-Gumböle, Bemböle, Nuuksio ja Vanhakartano-Röylä. Other areas accidents remained unchanged or decreased.
Out of all the accidents in 2020, 48 % (108) took place on municipally maintained roads and 49 % (109) on nationally owned roads. Approximately 3% (6) of all accidents took place on private roads and in other areas.
91 people lost their lives or were injured in accidents resulting in personal injury, which is slightly less than in 2019 (129). Over half of the victims in these accidents were car drivers and passengers (43, 47 %). 9 of the victims (10 %) were pedestrians, 26 (29 %) were cyclists, 5 (6 %) were moped drivers and 8 (9%) were motorcyclists. Its notable that the number of cyclists involved in accidents caused injuries has increased from the previous year (12, 13%). High amount (79 %) of the accidents resulting in personal injury on municipally maintained roads involved pedestrians, cyclists or moped drivers.
In 2020, there were 25 alcohol related accidents. This accounts for approximately 11 % of all accidents. Six of these accidents resulted in personal injury and the other 19 resulted in property damage. In total, there were nine victims in alcohol related accidents, which accounts for 10 % of all victims. The number of alcohol related accidents has increased since 2019 (22 accidents in 2019).
Preliminary data of accidents involving personal injury between January and July 2021
According to the latest preliminary data from Statistics Finland, the number of road traffic accidents involving personal injuries in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area has decreased in January-July 2021 compared to the corresponding period last year. The number of accidents involving personal injuries has increased by 21 % (38->46). Correspondingly, the number of accidents involving personal injuries has decreased by 18 % in Helsinki (160->131), 8 % in Vantaa (76->70) and 13 % in the whole country.
The number of persons of killed in accidents during the same period has decreased by 50 % (2->1) in Espoo, 33 % (3->2) in Helsinki, 33 % (3->2) in Vantaa and 18 % in the whole country.
The number of persons injured in accidents has increased by 48 % in Espoo (42->62) and 6 % (87->92) in Vantaa. The number of persons injured in Helsinki has decreased by 20 % (185->148) and in the whole country by 13 %.
Pedestrian and cyclist accidents involving personal injuries
The number of pedestrians injured in accidents has increased by 25 % in Espoo during the same period (4->5). The number of pedestrians injured in Helsinki has decreased by 3 % (29->28), in Vantaa by 42 % (12->7), and in the whole country by 8 %.
The number of pedestrians killed in accidents has remained unchanged in Espoo (0->0) and Vantaa (1->1). The number of pedestrians killed in Helsinki has increased by 100 % (1->2). In the whole country, the number of pedestrians killed has decreased by 18 %.
The number of cyclists injured in accidents has remained unchanged in Espoo (9->9). The number of cyclists injured in Helsinki has decreased by 18 % (45->37), in Vantaa by 64 % (11->4), and in the whole country by 6 %.
The number of cyclists killed in accidents has remained unchanged in Espoo (1à1) and in Vantaa (0->0). The number of cyclists killed in Helsinki has decreased by 100 % (1->0) and in the whole country by 67 %.
Factors to the number of accidents
In January-February 2021, traffic volumes are about 20 % lower than in the normal year of 2019. In 2020, traffic volumes decreased due to Covid. In May 2021, traffic volumes have returned to the level of 2019 which affected an increase in the number of traffic accidents in Espoo.
On March 9, 2021, a multiple collision occurred on Turunväylä. The accident affected an increase in injuries in Espoo during the same period.