Instructions for people infected with or exposed to the coronavirus

This page provides information on what you should do if you get the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) or if you are informed that you may have been exposed to the virus. Page updated 31.10.2022.

If you have mild respiratory tract symptoms but are otherwise healthy and feel good, it is usually not necessary for you to contact health care services or get tested at a health care unit. We recommend home testing.

Even if your home test result is negative, it is important to avoid contact with other people for at least five days while you have symptoms. If your symptoms persist for more than three days, we recommend that you avoid contact with other people until you have had at least two days without symptoms.

If your home test result is positive, it is usually not necessary to confirm the result with a test at a health care unit.

    Instructions for people infected with the coronavirus

    Follow these instructions if you get a positive test result from a coronavirus home test or a test conducted at a health care unit.

    Read home-care instructions

    You can find instructions for those infected with the coronavirus on the website of the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare(external link).

    If you feel unwell, contact health care services to get assessed

    If your symptoms are difficult and you want to have your situation assessed by a health care professional, call your own health centre.

    • The appointment booking and counselling number of Espoo’s health centres, tel. 09 816 34500, Mon– Fri 7:00–16:00. A text message service to the deaf and hard of hearing at 040 639 3945. 
    • Piispanportti Health Centre: tel. 09 816 220 10, Mon–Fri 7:00–16:00. A text message service to the deaf and hard of hearing at 040 570 2889.
    • Service voucher health centre Terveyskeskus Mehiläinen Espoontori: tel. 09 855 4303, Mon–Fri 8:00–16:00
    • Service voucher health centre Terveystalo Epoontori: tel. 045 7884 0966, Mon, Wed–Fri 8:00–16:00 and Tue 8:00–18:00 

    Outside these hours, please call the Medical Helpline, tel. 116 117. In life-threatening situations, call 112.

    If you have a condition that increases your risk of blood clots (thrombosis), call your health centre

    A coronavirus infection involves a slightly elevated risk of blood clots. Some patients can benefit from anticoagulant medication, which is administered as injections at a health centre.

    If you only have mild symptoms and no fever, there is usually no need for anticoagulants.

    If you have a fever (> 37.5 °C), a cough or shortness of breath, are pregnant, you have given birth in last 6 weeks or have to be on continuous bed rest due to illness, please read the list of risk factors below. If any of the risk factors listed in HUS list(external link) apply to you, call your own health centre. 

    Isolate yourself from other people

    Stay at home and do not invite any guests over. For example, you must not:

    • go to work
    • go to school or other places of study
    • go to restaurants, shops, shopping centres, church, mosque or other public premises
    • go to a swimming pool or other sports facilities
    • go to other recreational facilities
    • go to theatres, cinemas, restaurants or bars
    • use public transport such as trains, buses or taxis
    • hire a cleaner or other people to work at your home

    You may only be in contact with people who live in the same household. If they have not yet been diagnosed with the coronavirus disease, you can try to keep as much distance as possible from them, for example by sleeping and eating in a separate room. People who have contracted the disease can freely spend time together.

    If you need something from a grocery store or pharmacy, ask a person who is not ill to get what you need. You can also order food from many shops and restaurants online and by phone. If another person is going to visit the pharmacy on your behalf, you can give them authorisation, also online(external link). Avoid contact with other people when paying for and receiving your delivery. If you do not know anyone who could pick up your groceries and you are unable to use a delivery service, please contact Espoo’s Adult Social Work.

    How long do I need to stay at home?

    You must stay at home until you have had two symptom-free* days and at least 5 days have passed since your symptoms started. The day when your symptoms started is “day zero”, so if your symptoms started on Monday, you will need to stay at home until the Saturday of the same week.

    *symptom-free = you have no fever and your other symptoms are clearly subsiding. You do not have to continue to avoid contact with others if you only have a mild dry cough or problems with the sense of taste or smell.

    Who should I inform of my infection?

    You should inform people who you have been in close contact with while you have had symptoms and during the two days before the onset of symptoms. Ask the exposed people to voluntarily avoid contact with other people for five days from the date when you last met and to follow the instructions below.

    If you were tested by a health care unit, you can also enter the exposed persons’ information into an online system at The reported persons will automatically receive a text message with information on the possible exposure and general instructions. The message will not include your name.

    Can I have an isolation decision?

    As a rule, isolation decisions under the Communicable Diseases Act are no longer made. Isolation decisions are made only in situations where the spread of the epidemic cannot be prevented without coercive measures. The need to compensate for loss of income alone does not justify the issuing of an isolation order.  A coronavirus patient may be entitled to normal sick leave or, if the employer so permits, be absent from work provided they have notified their employer. Contact your health centre or occupational health care provider, if necessary.

    Instructions for persons exposed to coronavirus

    Follow these instructions if you live in the same household as a person infected with the coronavirus or have otherwise been in close contact with an infected person.

    • If you have no symptoms, we recommend that you take a home test at least twice at a 3-day interval. Make sure that the test is intended for asymptomatic people.
    • If you have symptoms, follow the instructions above as if you had a confirmed coronavirus infection. We also recommend home testing.
    • Avoid contact with people outside your household as much as possible until five days have passed since the infected person first had symptoms. For example, participating in recreational activities and leisure visits are not recommended.
      • If several family members fall ill, the 5-day period is calculated from the day when the last person to fall ill first had symptoms.
    • Wear a mask outside your home (FFP2/3 mask without a valve or a surgical mask).
    • Work from home if possible. If you have no symptoms and have not tested positive and working from home is not possible, you can go to work using a mask and avoiding contact with other people.
    • An asymptomatic child who has not tested positive can go to school or day care.

    How to use covid-19 home tests

    This is how you use covid-19 home test. The video is texted in Finnish, Swedish, English, Estonian, Russian, Arabic, Somali and Kurdish. Press the CC button at the bottom of the video player to turn subtitling on or off. Press the wheel button on the right side of the CC button to select the subtitle language.

    Author: Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos