The purpose of pre-primary education is to guide the growth of a child by promoting ethically responsible behaviour, a respect for other people and the willingness to follow generally accepted rules.
Pre-primary education involves systematic education and upbringing
Pre-primary education consists of activities that facilitate a child’s learning, growth and development. Children talk, play games, exercise, study, experiment, acquire knowledge and solve problems. Pre-primary education strengthens the child’s self-esteem and provides positive learning experiences as well as opportunities to interact with peers in diverse ways.
The aim is to facilitate a flexible transfer process from early childhood education to pre-primary education and further on to school. Pre-primary education is based on a notion of learning according to which the learning process of a child relies on previous knowledge and learning experiences. The child thus discovers his/her own ways of handling new information. Identifying and supporting the learning style of each child is one of the key tasks of a teacher as he/she strengthens the child’s learning skills and self-image. The pre-primary teacher supervises learning and activities, provides encouragement and creates a suitable learning environment.
The instructed topics are language and interaction, mathematics, ethics and philosophy, environmental and natural sciences, health, physical and motor development, art and culture.
Documents regulating pre-primary education
The planning and provision of pre-primary education is regulated by the National Core Curriculum for Pre-School Education and the Espoo Pre-Primary Education Curriculum. In addition, each group prepares a more detailed strategy for autumn and spring. An individual pre-primary education plan is also prepared for each child together with his/her guardians.
Child’s pre-primary learning plan
An individual pre-primary learning plan is prepared for each child. The plan contains a section for observations concerning the child as well as a planning section. The plan is prepared together with guardians. Observations are made and recorded into the child’s pre-primary learning plan during the entire pre-primary year.
According to the Basic Education Act, all pre-primary-aged children have the right to obtain student welfare services. Student welfare in pre-primary education involves the overall maintenance of well-being as part of the student welfare continuum of early childhood education, pre-primary education and basic education. The aim is to create a safe and healthy growth and learning environment with an operational culture based on caring, concern and positive interaction. Student welfare in pre-primary education aims, in its part, to guarantee equal opportunities for everyone to grow and learn. Every day care centre and school that provides pre-primary education has a student welfare team.