Family Day Care

Family day care in the child minder’s home

A child minder is a municipal employee who has completed the Further Qualification for Child Minders, a course for child minders or another qualification in the field of early childhood education. He/she works in his/her own home that has been approved as a family day care place.

The child minder must follow the regional early childhood education plan and the individual early childhood education plans of the children that are prepared together with parents. Family day care allows the child to receive day care in a small group. Playing and domestic chores form a basis for learning new things.

The strengths of family day care are cooperation and an educational partnership with families. Good cooperation creates conditions for supporting the growth and development of a child.

A child minder works in cooperation with the other child minders and group family day care providers as well as the staff of residents’ parks and local day care centres.

A child minder is supervised by the day care supervisor or the director of a day care centre. The supervisor instructs, supports and supervises the care and education provided by the child minder.

Group size in family day care
A group may include a maximum of four children, including the child minder’s own under school-aged children. In addition, the group may include one additional child taking part in pre-primary education in the afternoons.

Care period
The working hours of a child minder depend on the care periods of the children. The daily working hours are usually around 8–9 hours. The exact care period is agreed upon before day care begins.

Alternative care
Each child is assigned an alternative care place when day care begins. The alternative care place may be provided by, for example, a local day care centre or a group family day care provider.

Group family day care

A group family day care provider is a municipal employee who has completed the Further Qualification for Child Minders, a course for child minders or another qualification in the field of early childhood education.

An individual early childhood education plan is prepared for each child together with his/her parents. Activities are also guided by the regional early childhood education plan.

The number and diverse know-how of day care providers enable versatile activities. Group family day care providers work in cooperation with child minders and other group family day care providers in the region as well as the staff of residents’ parks and local day care centres.

The strengths of group family day care are cooperation and an educational partnership with families. Good cooperation creates conditions for supporting the growth and development of a child. The group family day care provider is supervised by the day care supervisor or the director of a day care centre. The supervisor instructs, supports and supervises the care and education provided by the group family day care provider.

Group size in group family day care
A group family day care centre has 2–3 day care providers, and there are 8–12 children in a group. 

Care period
The daily care period varies between 7 am – 5 pm depending on the group.